Iceland

Iceland is losing an average of 11 billion tons of ice per year. Since the mid 1990's climate change has increased warming trends and accelerated glacial thinning. As the glaciers melt and become lighter, the earth rebounds from below. Without the weight to keep the layer of earth below in place, Iceland is rising out of the ocean at a rate of approximately an inch a year. This also means the rock below is growing more viscous as the melting point drops. As a result there is a greater volume of magma flowing to the reservoir under Iceland, which many scientists believe will increase volcanic activity.

Icelanders speak of glaciers they remember from their childhood that have completely melted away. After a 2015 study, many geologists and climatologists believe that in 150-200 years, there will no longer be glaciers in Iceland.

 

Iceland is losing an average of 11 billion tons of ice per year. Since the mid 1990's climate change has increased warming trends and accelerated glacial thinning. As the glaciers melt and become lighter, the earth rebounds from below. Without the weight to keep the layer of earth below in place, Iceland is rising out of the ocean at a rate of approximately an inch a year. This also means the rock below is growing more viscous as the melting point drops. As a result there is a greater volume of magma flowing to the reservoir under Iceland, which many scientists believe will increase volcanic activity.

Icelanders speak of glaciers they remember from their childhood that have completely melted away. After a 2015 study, many geologists and climatologists believe that in 150-200 years, there will no longer be glaciers in Iceland.

 

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